Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Detection of cresyl phosphate-modified butyrylcholinesterase in human plasma for chemical exposure associated with aerotoxic syndrome.

Abstract Source:

Anal Biochem. 2014 Sep 15 ;461:17-26. Epub 2014 Jun 2. PMID: 24892986

Abstract Author(s):

Lawrence M Schopfer, Patrick Masson, Patricia Lamourette, Stéphanie Simon, Oksana Lockridge

Article Affiliation:

Lawrence M Schopfer


Flight crews complain of illness following a fume event in aircraft. A chemical in jet engine oil, the neurotoxicant tri-o-cresyl phosphate, after metabolic activation to cresyl saligenin phosphate makes a covalent adduct on butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). We developed a mass spectrometry method for detection of the cresyl phosphate adduct on human BChE as an indicator of exposure. Monoclonal mAb2, whose amino acid sequence is provided, was crosslinked to cyanogen bromide-activated Sepharose 4B and used to immunopurify plasma BChE treated with cresyl saligenin phosphate. BChE was released with acetic acid, digested with pepsin, and analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MSMS) on the Triple TOF 5600 mass spectrometer. Peptide FGES198AGAAS with an added mass of 170 Da from cresyl phosphate on serine 198 (Ser198) was detected as parent ion 966.4 Da. When characteristic daughter ions were monitored in the MSMS spectrum, the limit of detection was 0.1% cresyl saligenin phosphate inhibited plasma BChE. This corresponds to 2×10(-9) g in 0.5 ml or 23×10(-15) moles of inhibited BChE in 0.5 ml of plasma. In conclusion, a sensitive assay for exposure to tri-o-cresyl phosphate was developed. Laboratories that plan to use this method are cautioned that a positive result gives no proof that tri-o-cresyl phosphate is toxic at low levels.

Study Type : Human In Vitro
Additional Links

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.