Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane promotes aerobic glycolysis in colorectal cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
p,p'-Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane promotes aerobic glycolysis via reactive oxygen species-mediated extracellular signal-regulated kinase/M2 isoform of pyruvate kinase (PKM2) signaling in colorectal cancer cells.
Environ Toxicol. 2019 Nov 13. Epub 2019 Nov 13. PMID: 31724279
Aerobic glycolysis is crucial to tumor cells to acquire energy for proliferation and metastasis. Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), which is a persistent organic pollutant, has been associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) progressions, but the influence of p,p'-DDT on CRC cell metabolism remains unclear. This study showed that exposure to low concentrations of p,p'-DDT from 10to 10M for 48 hours significantly increased glucose uptake and lactate production in colorectal adenocarcinoma cells, which were accompanied by the upregulation of proteins associated with aerobic glycolysis including glucose transporter1, lactate dehydrogenase A, and PDH kinase. We found p,p'-DDT elevated theexpression and nucleus translocation of M2 isoform of pyruvate kinase (PKM2), which was responsible for p,p'-DDT-induced enhancement of aerobic glycolysis. Moreover, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) activation by p,p'-DDT modulated the impacts of p,p'-DDT on PKM2 and aerobic glycolysis. Treatment of p,p'-DDT increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). N-acetyl-L-cysteine, an ROS inhibitor, prevented p,p'-DDT-induced promotion of aerobic glycolysis, ERK1/2 activation, upregulation, and nucleus translocation of PKM2. Taken together, these results demonstrated that p,p'-DDT promotes aerobic glycolysis via ROS-mediated ERK/PKM2 signaling.