Diet supplementation with rice bran enzymatic extract restores endothelial impairment - GreenMedInfo Summary
Diet supplementation with rice bran enzymatic extract restores endothelial impairment and wall remodelling of ApoE(-/-) mice microvessels.
Atherosclerosis. 2016 Apr 27 ;250:15-22. Epub 2016 Apr 27. PMID: 27175607
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Small mesenteric artery resistance and functionality are key factors for the maintenance of blood homeostasis. We attained to evaluate the effects of a rice bran enzymatic extract (RBEE) on structural, mechanic and myogenic alterations and endothelial dysfunction secondary to atherosclerosis disease.
METHODS: Seven week-old ApoE(-/-) mice were fed on standard (ST) or high fat (HF) diets supplemented or not with 1 or 5% RBEE (w/w) for 23 weeks. Wild-type C57BL/6J mice fed on ST diet served as controls. Small mesenteric arteries were mounted in a pressure myograph in order to evaluate structural, mechanical and myogenic properties. Vascular reactivity was assessed in the presence of different combinations of inhibitors: l-NAME, indometacin, apamin and charybdotoxin.
RESULTS: ApoE(-/-) mice fed on ST and HF diets showed different structural and mechanical alterations, alleviated by RBEE supplementation of ST and HF diets. C57BL/6J was characterized by increased expression of IKCa (199.3%, p = 0.023) and SKCa (133.2%, p = 0.026), resulting in higher EDHF participation (p = 0.0001). However, NO release was more relevant to ApoE(-/-) mice vasodilatation. HF diet reduced the amount of NO released due to 2-fold increase of eNOS phosphorylation in the inhibitory residue Thr495 (p = 0.034), which was fully counteracted by RBEE supplementation (p = 0.028), restoring ACh-induced vasodilatation (p = 0.00006). Dihydroethidium fluorescence of superoxide and picrosirius red staining of collagen were reduced by RBEE supplementation of HF diet by 76.91% (p = 0.022) and 65.87% (p = 0.030), respectively.
CONCLUSION: RBEE supplemented diet reduced vessel remodeling and oxidative stress. Moreover, RBEE supplemented diet increased NO release by downregulating p-eNOS(Thr495), thus, protecting the endothelial function.