Dietary Fucoxanthin Induces Anoikis in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma by Suppressing Integrin Signaling in a Murine Colorectal Cancer Model.
J Clin Med. 2019 Dec 29 ;9(1). Epub 2019 Dec 29. PMID: 31905803
Fucoxanthin (Fx), abundantly contained in edible brown algae, is a carotenoid with strong anti-cancer potential. Anoikis is an anchor-dependent apoptosis particularly related to integrin signaling, and a target for cancer preventive strategies. We recently demonstrated that Fx prevented colon cancer in azoxymethane-dextrane sodium sulfate (AOM/DSS) carcinogenic model mice, and that it increased anoikis-like integrinβ1/cleaved caspase-3cells in colonic mucosal crypts. However, an induction mechanism of anoikis by Fx in adenocarcinoma tissue remains unresolved. Thus, we investigated anoikis in colonic adenocarcinoma in AOM/DSS mice. Fx administration (30 mg/kg body weight) significantly suppressed the incidence and multiplicity of colonic adenocarcinoma in AOM/DSS mice. A number of anoikis-like integrinβ1/cleaved caspase-3cells in colonic adenocarcinoma and mucosal crypts were significantly increased, 8.3- and 3.5-fold in the Fx group compared with those of the control group, respectively. The results indicated the increase of anoikis-like cells occurred more strongly in colonic adenocarcinoma than in colonic mucosal crypts. In addition, integrinβ1 expression, and pFAK (Tyr) and pPaxillin (Tyr) activation in mucosal tissue decreased 0.7-, 0.5- and 0.6-fold by Fx administration, respectively. The results suggest that Fx induces anoikis in colonic adenocarcinoma developed by AOM/DSS treatment through attenuation of integrin signaling.