Dietary genistein rescues reduced basal chloride secretion in diabetic jejunum. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Dietary Genistein Rescues Reduced Basal Chloride Secretion in Diabetic Jejunum via Sex-Dependent Mechanisms.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2016 ;40(1-2):335-346. Epub 2016 Nov 21. PMID: 27866192
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The goal of this study was to determine the effect of dietary genistein (naturally occurring phytoestrogen) on jejunal secretory function in a clinically relevant model of diabetes and obesity, the leptin-defIcient ob/ob mouse.
METHODS: We measured transepithelial short circuit current (Isc), across freshly isolated segments of jejunum from 12-week old male and female ob/ob and lean C57Bl/6J mice fed a genistein diet (600 mg genistein/kg diet) for 4-weeks. Separate segments of jejunum were frozen for western blot determination of key proteins involved in secretory transport.
RESULTS: Basal Isc was signifIcantly decreased (by 33%, P<0.05) in ob/ob females versus leans, and genistein-diet reversed this. Similarly, in males, basal Isc was decreased (by 47%, P<0.05) in ob/ob mice versus leans, and genistein-diet reversed this. Inhibition with either clotrimazole (100µM, bilateral) or ouabain (100 µM, basolateral) was signifIcantly reduced in ob/ob mice compared to leans (P<0.05), and genistein-diet reversed clotrimazole-sensitive inhibition in ob/ob females, and reversed the ouabain-sensitive inhibition in males (indicating sex-dependent mechanisms). Our data suggested that PDE3 levels were dysregulated in ob/ob females and genistein reversed this. Expression of total CFTR (normalized to actin) was signifIcantly decreased∼80% (P<0.05) in all ob/ob mice compared to leans, and genistein-diet was without effect. Expression of total NKCC1 (normalized to actin) was signifIcantly decreased∼80% (P<0.05) in ob/ob male mice versus leans, and genistein-diet reversed this.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggests that the reduced basal jejunal Isc in ob/ob female mice is a consequence of reduced CFTR expression, decreased activities of the basolateral KCa channel and Na+/K+-ATPase, and in male mice reduced basal jejunal Isc is a consequence of reduced CFTR and NKCC1 expression, along with decreased activities of the basolateral KCa channel and Na+/K+-ATPase. Genistein-diet has beneficial effects on basal Isc mediated by sex-dependent mechanisms in diabetic mice: in females via increased KCa-sensitive Isc and in males via increased Na+/K+-ATPase activity and increased NKCC1 expression. Improved understanding of intestinal dysfunctions in the ob/ob jejunum, may allow for the development of novel drug targets to treat obesity and diabetes, and may also be of benefit in CF-related diabetes.