Dietary genistein supplementation protects against lipopolysaccharide-induced intestinal injury through altering transcriptomic profile.
Poult Sci. 2020 Jul ;99(7):3411-3427. Epub 2020 Apr 15. PMID: 32616235
Genistein is abundant in the corn-soybean meal feed. Little information is available about the effect of dietary genistein on the intestinal transcriptome of chicks, especially when suffering from intestinal injury. In this study, 180 one-day-old male ROSS 308 broiler chickens were randomly allocated to 3 groups, with 4 replicates (cages) of 15 birds each. The treatments were as follows: chicks received a basal diet (CON), a basal diet and underwent lipopolysaccharide-challenge (LPS), or a basal diet supplemented with 40 mg/kg genistein and underwent LPS-challenge (GEN). LPS injection induced intestinal injury and inflammatory reactions in the chicks. Transcriptomic analysis identified 7,131 differently expressed genes (3,281 upregulated and 3,851 downregulated) in the GEN group compared with the LPS group (P adjusted value < 0.05, |fold change|>1.5), which revealed that dietary genistein exposure altered the gene expression profile and signaling pathways in the ileum of LPS-treated chicks. Furthermore, dietary genistein improved intestinal morphology, mucosal immune function, tight junction, antioxidant activity, apoptotic process, and growth performance, which were adversely damaged by LPS injection. Therefore, adding genistein into the diet of chicks can alter RNA expression profile and ameliorate intestinal injury in LPS-challenged chicks, thereby improving the growth performance of chicks with intestinal injury.