Dietary intake of fermented kimchi prevented colitis-associated cancer. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Dietary intake of fermented kimchi prevented colitis-associated cancer.
J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2020 Nov ;67(3):263-273. Epub 2020 Sep 17. PMID: 33293767
Kimchi is composed of various chemopreventive phytochemicals and profuse probiotics, defining kimchi as probiotic foods. Concerns had increased on the modulation of intestinal microbiota on various kinds of systemic diseases. Under the hypothesis that dietary intake of kimchi can be ideal intervention for either ameliorating colitis or preventing colitic cancer, we performed the study to validate the efficolitic cancery of fermented kimchi on preventing colitic cancer. Using azoxymethane-initiated and dextran sulfate sodium-promoted colitic cancer models, we have administrated fermented or non-fermented kimchi to modulate colitic cancer preemptively. Detailed molecular mechanisms were explored. Preemptive administration of fermented kimchi significantly afforded colitic cancer prevention through attenuating inflammasomes (IL-18, IL-1β, caspase-1), enhancing antioxidative (NQO1, GST-π), imposing anti-proliferative (Bax, caspase-3, β-catenin), and affording cytoprotective actions (HSP70, 15-PGDH), while non-fermented kimchi did not prevent colitic cancer. Special recipe cancer preventive kimchi (cpkimchi) was more effective compared to standard recipe fermented kimchi (<0.01), while non-fermented kimchi (kimuchi) worsened colitic cancer development, telling the importance of fermentation in cancer prevention. Repression of NF-kB p65, induction of tumor suppressive 15-PGDH, and inactivation of ERK1/2 by cpkimchi contributed to colitic cancer prevention. Dietary intake of cpkimchi ameliorated colitis and prevented colitic cancer via concerted anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and anti-mutagenic actions.