Soluble fiber-enriched diets improve inflammation and oxidative stress biomarkers in Zucker fatty rats.
Pharmacol Res. 2011 Jul ;64(1):31-5. Epub 2011 Feb 22. PMID: 21349333
In this study we evaluated the effect of the administration of different soluble fiber enriched-diets on inflammatory and redox state of Zucker fatty rats. Four groups of ten 8 week-old female Zucker fatty rats were used. The four groups were respectively fed the following diets until the 15th week of life: standard diet (obese control), 10% high methoxylated apple pectin (HMAP)-, 5% soluble cocoa fiber (SCF)-, and 10%β-glucan-enriched diets. A group of Zucker lean rats fed the standard diet was also used as control for normal values of this rat strain. The plasma levels of tumoral necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), adiponectin, and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured at the end of treatment. The reduced glutathione liver levels were also obtained at that moment. TNF-α plasma levels decreased somewhat in Zucker fatty rats fed the different fibers, and MDA plasma levels significantly decreased in these animals. Nevertheless, adiponectin plasma levels increased in the Zucker fatty rats fed the SCF enriched diet,but did not change in the HMAP and the β-glucan group. The Zucker fatty rats fed the different fiber showed a trend towards increased the reduced glutathione liver levels, but significant differences with obese control rats were only obtained in the β-glucan group. The results obtained in this study suggest that the intake of the different soluble fiber-enriched diets that we have evaluated could prevent and/or attenuate the inflammatory and/or the prooxidative state of the metabolic syndrome.