Differential Effects of Estradiol and Bisphenol A on SET8 and SIRT1 Expression in Ovarian Cancer Cells.
Dose Response. 2016 Apr-Jun;14(2):1559325816640682. Epub 2016 Apr 7. PMID: 27114721
Exposure to estrogenic compounds has been shown to epigenetically reprogram the female reproductive tract and may contribute to ovarian cancer. The goal of this study was to compare the effect of estradiol or bisphenol A (BPA) on the expression of histone-modifying enzymes (HMEs) in ovarian cancer cells. Using 2 human ovarian cancer cell lines, we examined the expression of SET8, a histone methyltransferase, and SIRT1, a histone deacetylase, after exposure to estrogen or BPA. These experiments were carried out in complete media (fetal bovine serum) that contain natural hormones to understand the impact of additional exposure to estrogen or BPA on HME expression. We found differential expression of the HMEs in the different models examined and between the different compounds. Further, we determined that the changes in gene expression occurred via estrogen receptor signaling using the estrogen receptor antagonist, ICI 182,780 (fulvestrant).