Differential proteomic profiling identifies novel molecular targets of pterostilbene against experimental diabetes.
J Cell Physiol. 2019 Mar ;234(3):1996-2012. Epub 2018 Sep 1. PMID: 30171690
Pterostilbene (PTS), a naturally occurring stilbene, confers protection against oxidative and cytokine stress induced pancreaticβ-cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. To provide insights into the molecular mechanism, we performed a proteomic study on the pancreas of PTS-treated diabetic mice using electrospray ionization tandem-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). A total of 1,260 proteins were detected in triplicate samples. Of which, 359 proteins were found to be differentially regulated in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice pancreas with two fold difference ( P < 0.05, two or more peptides) and on PTS treatment 315 proteins were normalized to control levels. Gene ontology (GO) indicated that majority of the differentially regulated proteins are involved in cellular functions such as metabolism, cellular structure, oxidative stress, endoplasmic-reticulum-associated protein degradation (ERAD) pathway and several stress sensors. Protein-protein interaction network analysis of these differentially expressed proteins showed clustering of proteins involved in protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum (protein synthesis machinery and protein folding), oxidative phosphorylation/oxidative stress proteins, oligosaccharide metabolic process, and antioxidant activity. Our results highlighted that PTS administration rehabilitated the defective metabolic process and redox imbalance, and also suppressed the unfolded protein response and ERAD pathways. Theeffects on targeting ER machinery and suppressing oxidative stress suggest the great potential of PTS for diabetes management.