Dynamic Regulation of miRNA Expression by Functionally Enhanced Placental Mesenchymal Stem Cells PromotesHepatic Regeneration in a Rat Model with Bile Duct Ligation.
Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Oct 24 ;20(21). Epub 2019 Oct 24. PMID: 31653075
Jae Yeon Kim
Placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PD-MSCs) were highlighted as therapeutic sources in several degenerative diseases. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs)were found to mediate one of the therapeutic mechanisms of PD-MSCs in regenerative medicine. To enhance the therapeutic effects of PD-MSCs, we established functionally enhanced PD-MSCs with phosphatase of regenerating liver-1 overexpression (PRL-1(+)). However, the profile and functions of miRNAs induced by PRL-1(+) PD-MSCs in a rat model with hepatic failure prepared by bile duct ligation (BDL) remained unclear. Hence, the objectives of the present study were to analyze the expression of miRNAs and investigate their therapeutic mechanisms for hepatic regeneration via PRL-1(+) in a rat model with BDL. We selected candidate miRNAs based on microarray analysis. Under hypoxic conditions, compared with migrated naïve PD-MSCs, migrated PRL-1(+) PD-MSCs showed improved integrin-dependent migration abilitythrough Ras homolog (RHO) family-targeted miRNA expression (e.g., hsa-miR-30a-5p, 340-5p, and 146a-3p). Moreover, rno-miR-30a-5p and 340-5p regulated engraftment into injured rat liver by transplantedPRL-1(+)PD-MSCs through the integrin family. Additionally, an increase inplatelet-derived growth factor receptor A (PDGFRA) by suppressing rno-miR-27a-3p improved vascular structure in rat liver tissues after PRL-1(+) PD-MSC transplantation. Furthermore, decreased rno-miR-122-5p was significantly correlated with increased proliferation of hepatocytes in liver tissues by PRL-1(+) PD-MSCs byactivating the interleukin-6 (IL-6) signaling pathway through the repression of rno-miR-21-5p. Taken together, these findings improve the understandingof therapeutic mechanisms based on miRNA-mediated stem-cell therapy in liver diseases.