Effect of Kaempferol isolated from seeds of Eruca sativa on changes of pain sensitivity in Streptozotocin-induced diabetic neuropathy.
Inflammopharmacology. 2018 Aug ;26(4):993-1003. Epub 2017 Nov 20. PMID: 29159712
Generation of excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and cellular apoptosis are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy. Present study was aimed to explore the effect of Eruca sativa and Kaempferol (KP) on hyperalgesia (thermal and mechanical); tactile allodynia, motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) and oxidative-nitrosative stress in streptozotocin (STZ) induced experimental diabetes. Neuropathy developed in diabetic rats was evident from a marked hyperalgesia and allodynia; reduced MNCV associated with excess formation of AGEs and ROS. Chronic treatment with E. sativa hydroalcoholic extract (EHA; 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) and KP (5 and 10 mg/kg) for 30 days starting from the 60th day of STZ administration significantly ameliorated behavioral and biochemical changes linked to diabetic neuropathy. Present study suggested that EHA and KP corrected hyperglycemia and reversed the pain response partially in diabetic rats along via modulating oxidative and nitrosative stress along with reduction of AGEs formation in diabetic rats. Thus E. sativa might be beneficial in chronic diabetes, ameliorate the progression of diabetic neuropathy and may also find application in diabetic neuropathic pain.