Effects of a supplement combining Pycnogenol(®) and l-arginine aspartate on lower urinary dysfunction compared with saw palmetto extract.
J Tradit Complement Med. 2017 Jan ;7(1):117-120. Epub 2016 Jun 11. PMID: 28053897
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and sexual dysfunction (SDys) are common problems that affect quality of life (QOL) in elderly men. In addition to prescribed drugs, many over-the-counter medications including supplements are used to treat QOL diseases. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors are reported to be effective for both LUTS and SDys by increasing nitric oxide levels. French maritime pine bark extract Pycnogenol(®), which is a potent nitric oxide donor, is reported to be effective for SDys. However, no reports have been published on whether it ameliorates LUTS.
DESIGN: Open-labeled, randomized study. The effects of two supplements, Nokogiriyashi EX(®) containing 160 mg saw palmetto (SP) extract per tablet and Edicare(®) containing 10 mg of Pycnogenol(®), 115 mg of l-arginine and 92 mg of aspartate (PAA) per tablet on International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), IPSS-QOL, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), International Index of Erectile Function 5 (IIEF5), Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF), urinary 8-OHdG and uroflowmetry (UFM) of total 40 men with LUTS and SDys were examined.
RESULTS: 19 subjects were instructed to take two tablets of SP, on the other 20 were on four tablets of PAA for 16 weeks. IPSS and IPSS-QOL showed statistically significant improvements in both groups. OABSS and IIEF5 were significantly improved in the PAA group. Conversely, ICIQ-SF, 8-OHdG and UFM did not change in either group.
CONCLUSIONS: PAA might be an effective therapeutic alternative for elderly patients with LUTS and SDys.