Effect of Andrographis paniculata leaves extract on neurobehavioral and biochemical indices in scopolamine-induced amnesic rats.
J Food Biochem. 2021 03 ;45(3):e13280. Epub 2020 May 22. PMID: 32441354
Bukola Christiana Adedayo
Andrographis paniculata is a medicinal herb that is used to treat various disease conditions due to its pharmacological properties. Thus, this study sought to assess the effect of A. paniculata extract on neurobehavioral and some biochemical parameters in scopolamine-induced amnesic rats. Thirty-five male rats were divided into seven groups and treated with aqueous extract of A. paniculata (50 and 500 mg/kg) and donepezil (5 mg/kg) for 14 days before administration of scopolamine. Behavioral studies (Morris water maze and Y-maze) were carried out to evaluate cognitive dysfunction in scopolamine-induced rats. Biochemical assays such as cholinesterases (AChE and BChE), monoamine oxidase (MAO),and purinergic activities were determined. Results revealed the presence of orientin, quercetin, caffeic acid, apigenin, and gallic acid in A. paniculata. Also, findings from this study showed that aqueous extract of A. paniculata had a modulatory effect on scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment and could be used in the management of memory loss. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Aqueous extract of A. paniculata characterized revealed the presence of polyphenols which are antioxidants. The inhibitory activity possessed by A. paniculata on some enzymes linked to neurodegeneration could be due to the antioxidant activity. Given this, we recommend that results gotten from this study could be used to develop treatment therapy for neurodegeneration. However, in-depth studies should be carried out on the toxic effect of A. paniculata to ascertain a safe dose for treatment.