Effect ofpolysaccharide on human retinoblastoma Y79 cell proliferation and apoptosis.
Int J Ophthalmol. 2021 ;14(4):497-503. Epub 2021 Apr 18. PMID: 33875938
AIM: To explore the effect of the() polysaccharide on the proliferation and apoptosis of human retinoblastoma (RB) Y79 cells and its mechanism.
METHODS: The refinedpolysaccharide was obtained using techniques such as water extraction, ethanol precipitation, and decompression concentration. The inhibition effect of thepolysaccharide on the proliferation of Y79 cells was detected by cell proliferation assay. Flow cytometry was used for the detection of cell apoptosis rate and cycle change. Real-time qunatitative polymerase chain reaction (RT qPCR)and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of cell apoptosis signal pathway-related factors (caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9) and cell cycle signal pathway-related factors (CDK1 and cyclinB1) at the transcriptional and translational levels.
RESULTS: Infrared and ultraviolet spectrum scanning showed that the extracted drug was a polysaccharide with high purity. After being treated with different concentrations ofpolysaccharide for different periods of time, the Y79 cells showed different degrees of proliferation inhibition. Flow cytometric observations showed that the cell apoptosis rate and the proportion of cells blocked in the G2/M phase were significantly increased afterpolysaccharide treatment. Further analysis revealed that the mRNA and protein expression of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 in thepolysaccharide treatment groups increased significantly compared with that in the control groups, while the expression of CDK1 and cyclinB1 decreased significantly.
CONCLUSION: Thepolysaccharide could inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of Y79 cells. Its possible mechanism isthe upregulation of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 expression in the cell apoptotic signaling pathway and the downregulation of CDK1 and cyclinB1 expression in the cell cycle signaling pathway.