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Abstract Title:

Effect of aqueous and ethanolic extracts ofon.

Abstract Source:

Electron Physician. 2016 Aug ;8(8):2752-2758. Epub 2016 Aug 25. PMID: 27757185

Abstract Author(s):

Maryam Ghasempour, Saeid Mahdavi Omran, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Faranak Shafiee

Article Affiliation:

Maryam Ghasempour

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Because of resistance and side effects to common antifungal drugs activity, the research on herbal substances with antifungal activity is frequent.is a member offamily. The aim of this study was to determine the anti-candida activities of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of theleaves and compare them withand.

METHODS: In this 2015 study, 15 clinical isolates and standard strain ofPTCC 5027 were used, and the inhibitory effects of theandextracts,and, were evaluated using disk and well diffusion methods. Also, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined. Five concentrations ofandextracts (156-2500μg/ml),(8-128μg/ml) and(4-64μg/ml) were used in disk and well diffusion methods, and nine concentrations of aqueous andextracts (19-5000μg/ml),(0.5-128μg/ml), and(0.25-64μg/ml) were applied for MIC. Data were analyzed using Tukey's post-hoc and one-way ANOVA tests. The significant level was considered p<0.05 in the current study.

RESULTS: In the well and disk diffusion techniques, limited growth inhibition halos were produced around some clinical isolates at different concentrations ofextract; however, no growth inhibitory halo was observed with any concentrations of the aqueous extract. The MIC values ofextract, aqueous extract,and Fluconazole for clinical isolated and standard strain were 833± 78.5and 625μg/ml; 4156 ± 67.4 and 2500 μg/ml; 10.13 ± 1.91 and 4 μg/ml; and 1.97 ± 0.25 and 1 μg/ml, respectively.

CONCLUSION: The results showed that theextract was stronger than the aqueous extract of this plant, which can be used as an alternative for drugs. It is recommended that the ethanolic extract of this plant be investigated in vivo for better evaluation of its efficacy and properties.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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