Effect of astaxanthin on metabolic cataract in rats with type 1 diabetes mellitus. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effect of astaxanthin on metabolic cataract in rats with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Exp Mol Pathol. 2020 Jan 7:104372. Epub 2020 Jan 7. PMID: 31923424
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin on metabolic cataract in rats with type 1 diabetes and its antioxidant capacity to lens.
METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8): control group, diabetes mellitus (DM) group, low-dose astaxanthin (DM + AL) and low-dose astaxanthin (DM + AH) group. A rat model of type I diabetes mellitus was established by intraperitoneal injection of 60 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ). After successful modeling, rats in the administration group were given different doses of astaxanthin (AST) for 12 weeks. The lens opacity of rats was observed by slit-lamp camera system. The double antibody sandwich method was used to detect the levels of advanced glycation end product (AGE), lipid peroxide/malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) in the lens. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to examine the morphologic changes in the lens.
RESULTS: The severity of cataract in the lens was obviously increased after induced by STZ, whereas it was significantly decreased after treatment with AST (p < .05, respectively). In addition, in the AST groups, the levels of AGE and MDA in the lens tissue were notably decreased when compared with those in the DM group (p < .05, respectively). However, the levels of GSH, SOD, and CAT were increased in the AST group in comparison with those in the DM group (p < .05, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Astaxanthin may play an antioxidant role in the lens. Additionally, it exerts a protective function in the lens by delaying the development and progression of metabolic cataract and inhibiting the oxidative stress of lens in diabetic rats.