Abstract Title:

The effect of chronic supplementation ofon splenocytes response in rats following treadmill exercise.

Abstract Source:

Drug Chem Toxicol. 2019 May 29:1-6. Epub 2019 May 29. PMID: 31137984

Abstract Author(s):

Zahra Gholamnezhad, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady, Mahmoud Hosseini

Article Affiliation:

Zahra Gholamnezhad


) was shown to recover fatigue and imbalanced immune system. Therefore, effect of chronic administration ofhydroethanolic extract on splenocytes response in sedentary and exercised animals, was evaluated. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into non-treated (control sedentary (C), moderately trained (MT; Velocity 20 m/min, 30 min/day 8 weeks), and over-trained (OT; Velocity 25 m/min, 60 min/day 11 weeks)), andtreated animals (Nisa, 200 mg/kg, orally) (control (Nisa-C), moderately trained (Nisa-MT) and over-trained (Nisa-OT)). Finally, cell viability and proliferation, as well as interleukin 4 (IL-4) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) secretion in non-stimulated and concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated splenocytes, were evaluated. In the absence of the mitogen, cell viability in Nisa-C and Nisa-OT, cell proliferation in Nisa-C and Nisa-MT, IFN-γ concentration in Nisa-MT and Nisa-OT and IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio in Nisa C, Nisa-MT and Nisa-OT were higher compared to non-treated groups; but, IL-4 level in Nisa-MT was lower than non-treated groups. In the presence of the mitogen, cell viability in Nisa-C and Nisa-OT, IL-4 concentration in Nisa-C and Nisa-OT groups, and IFN-γ concentration and IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio in Nisa-MT were higher, while IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio was lower in Nisa-C group compared to non-treated groups. Moreover, IFN-γ/IL-4ratio in stimulated and non-stimulated splenocytes supernatant was higher in Nisa-MT compared to Nisa-C and Nisa-OT groups.chronic administration may shift Th1/Th2 cytokines profile of splenocytes towards Th1, especially in over-trained and non-stimulated condition. Moderate exercise andsupplementation may improve disorders associated with elevated Th2 such as overtraining syndrome.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.