Effect of Crataegus extract supplementation on diabetes induced memory deficits and serum biochemical parameters in male rats.
IBRO Rep. 2019 Dec ;7:90-96. Epub 2019 Oct 22. PMID: 31720488
This study was undertaken to investigate the Crataegus extract (CE) eﬀ ;ects on diabetes-induced memory deficit in passive avoidance learning (PAL), blood glucose, and lipid profile panel. Male Wistar rats were divided into five groups:(CTRL);(DM); andwith three doses of CE (100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg) (DM + CE). Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats (50 mg/kg, ip) were orally administrated with CE once a day for 2 weeks. After 2 weeks, PAL task was used to evaluate the passive avoidance learning and memory. At the end of experiment, the level of plasma glucose, triglycerides(TG), cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) were determined. Our results showed that the step-through latency (STLr) in diabetic animals was less than the control group (P = 0.0009). Crataegus (300 mg) increased STLr in diabetic animals (P = 0.0418). Diabetic animals spent more time in the dark compartment (TDC) (P = 0.0009). Crataegus (300 and 1000 mg) decreased TDC in diabetic animals (P = 0.0175). Crataegus (100 and 300 mg) decreased blood glucose in diabetic animals (P < 0.001). TG and Cholesterol concentration increased in diabetic animals in comparison with control (P < 0.05). CE (100 and 300 mg) reduced the cholesterol concentration in diabetic animals (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the case of LDL among the experimental groups (P > 0.05). CE (1000 mg) increased HDL in diabetic animals (P < 0.05). Our findings demonstrated that CE had the hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic effects and lead to memory improvement in STZ-induced diabetes.