Effect of oleuropein on oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat kidney.
Life Sci. 2020 Aug 15 ;255:117833. Epub 2020 May 22. PMID: 32450167
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of oleuropein (OLE), the main phenolic compound present in olive leaves, on kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and to explore the underlying protective mechanism.
MAIN METHODS: Rat kidneys were subjected to 60 min of bilateral warm ischemia followed by 120 min of reperfusion. OLE was administered orally 48 h, 24 h and 30 min prior to ischemia at doses of 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight. The creatinine, urea, uric acid concentrations and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in plasma were evaluated. Oxidative stress and inflammation parameters were also assessed. Renal expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), inflammatory proteins and apoptotic proteins were evaluated using Western blot.
KEY FINDINGS: Our results showed that OLE at 50 mg/kg reduced kidney IRI as revealed by a significant decrease of plasmatic creatinine, urea, uric acid concentrations and LDH activity. In parallel, OLE up-regulated antioxidant capacities. Moreover, OLE diminished the level of CRP and the expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2). Finally, OLE enhanced AMPK phosphorylation as well as eNOS expression whereas MAPK, and cleaved caspase-3 implicated in cellular apoptosis were attenuated in the ischemic kidneys.
SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, this study shows that OLE could be used as therapeutic agent to reduce IRI through its anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties.