Effectiveness of Genistein Supplementation on Metabolic Factors and Antioxidant Status in Postmenopausal Women With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Can J Diabetes. 2019 Oct ;43(7):490-497. Epub 2019 May 4. PMID: 31307913
OBJECTIVES: The risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) increases in women after menopause. Genistein is known to modulate metabolic pathways. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of genistein supplementation on metabolic parameters, oxidative stress and obesity values in postmenopausal women with T2DM.
METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted on 54 postmenopausal women 47 to 69 years of age with T2DM. The genistein group (n=28) was given 2 genistein capsules daily for 12 weeks. Each capsule contained 54 mg genistein. The placebo group (n=26) received 2 placebo capsules daily for the same period. Fasting blood samples, anthropometric measurements, dietary intakes and physical activity levels of subjects were collected at baseline and at the end of the trial. Data were analyzed by independent t test, paired t test and analysis of covariance.
RESULTS: Genistein supplementation significantly reduced serum levels of fasting blood glucose (FBS), glycated hemoglobin (A1C), serum triglyceride (TG) and malondialdehyde (MDA) and increased total antioxidant capacity (TAC) compared with the placebo group at the end of the study (p<0.05 for all). Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index significantly increased within the genistein group. Changes in anthropometric indexes and other variables were not significant in any of the groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Genistein administration improved FBS, A1C, serum TG, TAC and MDA in postmenopausal women with T2DM and may be useful in the control of metabolic status and oxidative stress in these subjects.