Effects of alpha-tocopherol on acute pancreatitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effects of alpha-tocopherol on acute pancreatitis in rat.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Jan ;25(1):1-6. PMID: 30742296
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is a disease with high morbidity and mortality, despite all the advances in technology. The overall mortality rate of acute pancreatitis is 10%, whereas the mortality rate in infected necrotizing pancreatitis is approximately 35%. In this study, we aimed to establish acute pancreatitis in rats in order to try out the alpha-tocopherol treatment protocol and to reveal the results biochemically and histopathologically.
METHODS: Twenty-four male male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing between 300 and 350 g were used in the study. In Group 1, 80µg/kg of normal saline was subcutaneously injected into eight rats; in Group 2, 80 µg/kg of cerulein was subcutaneously injected into eight rats; and in Group 3, 80 µg/kg of cerulein was subcutaneously injected into eight rats. In addition, 30 mg/kg of alpha-tocopherol was intraperitoneally injected into eight rats.
RESULTS: The mean Schoenberg score, serum amylase, and lipase and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) levels were statistically significantly higher in Group 2 than in Group 1. The mean Schoenberg score and serum amylase and lipase levels were statistically significantly lower in Group 3 than in Group 2.
CONCLUSION: In this experimental study rat model of cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis, 30 mg/kg of alpha-tocopherol was injected intraperitoneally to examine its effect on pancreatitis. The improvement was observed in the histopathological examination of pancreatic tissues. We think that alpha-tocopherol may have a therapeutic effect on pancreatic tissue.