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Abstract Title:

Effects of Exercise on Memory Interference in Neuropsychiatric Disorders.

Abstract Source:

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2020 ;1228:425-438. PMID: 32342475

Abstract Author(s):

Lindsay Crawford, Paul D Loprinzi

Article Affiliation:

Lindsay Crawford

Abstract:

There are several mechanisms that cause memory impairment, including motivated forgetting, active forgetting, natural decay, and memory interference. Interference occurs when one is attempting to recall something specific, but there is conflicting information making it more difficult to recall the target stimuli. In laboratory settings, it is common to measure memory interference with paired associate tasks-usually utilizing the AB-CD, AB-AC, AB-ABr, or AB-DE AC-FG method. Memory impairments are frequent among those with neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, and multiple sclerosis. The memory effects of each condition differ, but are all related to alterations in brain physiology and general memory deterioration. Exercise, or physical activity, has been demonstrated to attenuate memory interference in some cases, but the mechanisms are still being determined. Further research is needed on memory interference, in regard to exercise and neuropsychiatric disorders.

Study Type : Review

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