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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Effects of Glycyrrhizin on Multi-Drug Resistant.

Abstract Source:

Pathogens. 2020 Sep 18 ;9(9). Epub 2020 Sep 18. PMID: 32962036

Abstract Author(s):

Nicholas J Carruthers, Sharon A McClellan, Mallika Somayajulu, Ahalya Pitchaikannu, Denise Bessert, Xudong Peng, Kylie Huitsing, Paul M Stemmer, Linda D Hazlett

Article Affiliation:

Nicholas J Carruthers

Abstract:

The effects of glycyrrhizin (GLY) on multi-drug resistant (MDR) systemic (MDR9) vs. ocular (B1045)clinical isolates were determined. Proteomes of each isolate with/without GLY treatment were profiled using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The effect of GLY on adherence of MDR isolates to immortalized human (HCET) and mouse (MCEC) corneal epithelial cells, and biofilm and dispersal was tested. Both isolates were treated with GLY (0.25 minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), 10 mg/mL for MDR9 and 3.75 mg/mL for B1045) and subjected to proteomic analysis. MDR9 had a greater response to GLY (51% of identified proteins affected vs.<1% in B1045). In MDR9 vs. controls, GLY decreased the abundance of proteins for: antibiotic resistance, biofilm formation, and type III secretion. Further, antibiotic resistance and type III secretion proteins had higher control abundances in MDR9 vs. B1045. GLY (5 and 10 mg/mL) significantly reduced binding of both isolates to MCEC, and B1045 to HCET. MDR9 binding to HCET was only reduced at 10 mg/mL GLY. GLY (5 and 10 mg/mL) enhanced dispersal for both isolates, at early (6.5 h) but not later times (24-72 h). This study provides evidence that GLY has a greater effect on the proteome of MDR9 vs. B1045, yet it was equally effective at disrupting adherence and early biofilm dispersal.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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