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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Effects of Resistance Training on the Redox Status of Skeletal Muscle in Older Adults.

Abstract Source:

Antioxidants (Basel). 2021 Feb 26 ;10(3). Epub 2021 Feb 26. PMID: 33652958

Abstract Author(s):

Paulo H C Mesquita, Donald A Lamb, Joshua S Godwin, Shelby C Osburn, Bradley A Ruple, Johnathon H Moore, Christopher G Vann, Kevin W Huggins, Andrew D Fruge, Kaelin C Young, Andreas N Kavazis, Michael D Roberts

Article Affiliation:

Paulo H C Mesquita

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training (RT) on the redox status of skeletal muscle in older adults. Thirteen males aged 64± 9 years performed full-body RT 2x/week for 6 weeks. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis prior to and following RT. The mRNA, protein, and enzymatic activity levels of various endogenous antioxidants were determined. In addition, skeletal muscle 4-hydroxynonenal and protein carbonyls were determined as markers of oxidative damage. Protein levels of heat shock proteins (HSPs) were also quantified. RT increased mRNA levels of all assayed antioxidant genes, albeit protein levels either did not change or decreased. RT increased total antioxidant capacity, catalase, and glutathione reductase activities, and decreased glutathione peroxidase activity. Lipid peroxidation also decreased and HSP60 protein increased following RT. In summary, 6 weeks of RT decreased oxidative damage and increased antioxidant enzyme activities. Our results suggest the older adult responses to RTinvolve multi-level (transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and post-translational) control of the redox status of skeletal muscle.

Study Type : Human Study

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