Efficacy of alogliptin combined with motor imagery under hyperbaric oxygen in diabetic nephropathy with silent cerebral infarction.
Biomed Rep. 2017 Nov ;7(5):407-415. Epub 2017 Sep 14. PMID: 29181153
In the present study, we evaluated the curative effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor alogliptin combined with motor imagery under hyperbaric oxygen in diabetic nephropathy (DN) with silent cerebral infarction (SCI). Two-hundred newly diagnosed DN patients with and without SCI were included. The SCI patients were divided into two treatment groups: Alogliptin (A group, n=50) and alogliptin combined with motor imagery under hyperbaric oxygen (B group, n=50). The degrees of neurocognitive dysfunction were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months of treatment. Thromboelastograms (TEGs) mapping were conducted. Serum glycoprotein VI (GPVI) mRNA expression and urine 11-DH-TXB2 levels were determined. Compared to group A patients, the severity of neurofunctional defects, GPVI mRNA expression and 11-DH-TXB2 levels were significantly lower in group B (P<0.05), while comprehensive, MoCA scores were higher in group B. The MoCA subscores of visuospatial/executive function, attention and concentration were significantly higher compared to group A (P<0.05). The sub-scores of computation, abstract thinking, language competence, memory and orientation were also higher in group B but the differences were not significant (P>0.05). TEG indexes were improved in both groups after treatment as manifested by increased R and K values, but there was significant improvement in group B. Intra-group comparisons revealed a time-dependent effect of treatment. In conclusion, the treatment of alogliptin combined with motor imagery under hyperbaric oxygen can better promote thrombolysis absorption, restore brain damage and improve neurocognitive function in DN with silent cerebral infarction.