The Inhibitory Effect of Epigallocatechin Gallate on the Viability of T Lymphoblastic Leukemia Cells is Associated with Increase of Caspase-3 Level and Fas Expression.
Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. 2018 Apr ;34(2):253-260. Epub 2017 Aug 1. PMID: 29622866
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most prevalent cancer in children. Novel components to help struggle aggressive malignancies and overcome some side effects of conventional treatments could be a promising strategy. Epigallocatechingallate (EGCG), have attracted the attention of scientists for prevention or treatment of some cancers. Jurkat cells were incubated with the different concentrations of EGCG (30-100 µm) for 24, 48, and 72 h and cell viability was investigated using MTS test. Apoptosis and the level of caspase 3 alterations were evaluated using flowcytometry and expression of Fas by Real Time PCR. EGCG decreased viability of cells with an inhibition concentration (IC50) of 82.8 ± 3.1, 68.8 ± 4 and 59.7 ± 4.8 μM in 24,48 and 72 h. 50, 70 and 100 µM concentrations of EGCG induced apoptosis in about 31, 40 and 71% of the cells, respectively. The mean value of caspase 3 positive cells in the presence of 50, 70 and 100 µm concentrations of EGCG was 19.3 ± 2.9, 29.5 ± 3.1 and 61.2 ± 3.4 respectively compared to 7.8 ± 1.1 in control with a significant difference at 100 µm concentration. Treatment with EGCG for 48 h enhanced the expression of Fas reaching to a significant level at 100 µM concentration. EGCG is effective in decrease cell viability, apoptosis induction and enhancement of caspase 3 andexpression level in jurkat cells. A comprehensive understanding of molecular events and pharmacokinetics of the component and experiments in animal models are required for dose determination and its interaction with other components of combination chemotherapy.