EGCG may be considered a novel anti-cervical cancer drug in the future. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Epigallocatechin gallate inhibits cell growth and regulates miRNA expression in cervical carcinoma cell lines infected with different high-risk human papillomavirus subtypes.
Exp Ther Med. 2019 Mar ;17(3):1742-1748. Epub 2018 Dec 24. PMID: 30783443
The aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of the polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the growth of cervical carcinoma cell lines infected with different high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes, as well as the associated regulation of microRNA (miR) expression. Cell proliferation was measured using an MTT assay. The effects of 7 different concentrations of EGCG (100, 80, 60, 40, 20, 10 and 0µg/ml) on HeLa cell proliferation were assessed. HeLa cell growth was significantly inhibited by EGCG in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P<0.05), and the ICwas 90.74 and 72.74µg/ml at 24 and 48 h, respectively. The expression of miR-210, miR-29a, miR-203 and miR-125b in HeLa (HPV16/18+), SiHa (HPV16+), CaSki (HPV16+) and C33A (HPV-) cell lines was measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. In CA33 cells, miR-203 (all P<0.001) and miR-125b (P<0.01 and<0.0001) were significantly downregulated by EGCG, and miR-210 was significantly upregulated with 40 and 60µg/ml EGCG (P<0.0001). miR-125b was significantly downregulated (P<0.001 and<0.0001), and miR-210 and miR-29 were significantly upregulated by≤80 µg/ml EGCG in HeLa cells (all P<0.0001). In CaSki cells, miR-210, miR-29a (all P<0.001) and miR-125b (P<0.01-0.0001) were significantly upregulated by EGCG. In SiHa cells, miR-125b (both P<0.001) and miR-203 (P<0.01 and<0.0001) were significantly upregulated by EGCG. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggest that EGCG suppresses cervical carcinoma cell growth, possibly via regulating the expression of miRs, suggesting their potential as therapeutic targets for the control and prevention of cervical cancer. Additionally, EGCG may be considered a novel anti-cervical cancer drug in the future.