Epigallocatechin-3-gallate promotes apoptosis and reversal of multidrug resistance in esophageal cancer cells.
Pathol Res Pract. 2017 Oct ;213(10):1242-1250. Epub 2017 Sep 12. PMID: 28964574
Evidence for demonstrating the role of the green tea component epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells is limited. In this study, we investigated apoptosis induced by EGCG and the underlying molecular mechanisms in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells. The growth-inhibitory effects of EGCG on esophageal cancer cell (Eca109 and Ec9706) were detected by MTT. Using flow cytometry, we determined the cellular apoptosis, bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 protein expression in Eca109 and Ec9706 cells following treatment with EGCG for 24h. After treatment of Eca109/ABCG2 (an esophageal cancer multidrug resistance cell line) cells with adriamycin (ADM) combined with EGCG for 24h, the cellular apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential, ADM concentration in cells and ABCG2 protein expression were detected by flow cytometry. EGCG inhibited the growth of Eca109 and Ec9706 cells in a dose- and time- dependent manner. EGCG induced apoptosis, decreased the bcl-2 protein expression and increased the expression of bax and caspase-3 protein. The rate of apoptosis and ADM concentration in the Eca109/ABCG2 cells following treatment with ADM and EGCG were higher than that with ADM treatment alone, although the mitochondrial membrane potential was significantly lower (P<0.01). EGCG reduced the ABCG2 expression of Eca109/ABCG2 cells. Our data indicated that EGCG inhibited cell growth and induced esophageal cancer cell apoptosis. It reduced the bcl-2 protein expression and increased the bax and caspase-3 protein expression. EGCG reversed multi-drug resistance by reducing ABCG2 expression and increasing the anticancer drug concentration in cancer cells.