Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

Electrically stimulated acupuncture increases renal blood flow through exosomes-carried miR-181.

Abstract Source:

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2018 Aug 22. Epub 2018 Aug 22. PMID: 30132347

Abstract Author(s):

Zhen Su, Yanggang Yuan, Manshu Yu, Yan Liu, Janet D Klein, Xiaonan H Wang

Article Affiliation:

Zhen Su

Abstract:

Acupuncture with low frequency electrical stimulation (Acu/LFES) can prevent muscle atrophy by increasing muscle protein anabolism in mouse models of chronic kidney disease. During the treatment of muscle wasting, we found that Acu/LFES on the gastrocnemius muscle of the leg enhances renal blood flow. We also found that Acu/LFES increases exosome abundance and alters exosome-associated microRNA expression in the circulation. When exosome secretion was blocked using GW4869 the Acu/LFES-induced increase in renal blood flow was limited. This provided evidence that the increased renal blood flow is exosome mediated. To identify how exosomes regulate renal blood flow, we performed microRNA deep sequencing in exosomes isolated from treated and untreated mouse serum and found that the 34 microRNAs are altered by Acu/LFES. In particular, miR-181d-5p is increased in the serum exosome of Acu/LFES treated mice. In silico searching suggested that miR-181d-5p could target angiotensinogen. Using a luciferase reporter assay, we demonstrated that miR-181 directly inhibits angiotensinogen. When Acu/LFES treated muscle was excised and incubated in culture medium, we found that the amount of exosomes and miR-181d-5p were increased in the medium providing evidence that Acu/LFES can increase miR-181 secretion. We conclude that Acu/LFES on leg hindlimb increases miR-181 in serum exosome leading to increased renal blood flow. This study provides important new insights about the mechanism(s) by which acupuncture may regulation of muscle-organ cross talk through exosome-derived microRNA.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Acupuncture : CK(2697) : AC(307)
Pharmacological Actions : MicroRNA modulator : CK(264) : AC(145)
Additional Keywords : Exosomes : CK(35) : AC(10)

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.