Electroacupuncture Pretreatment Attenuates Inflammatory Lung Injury After Cardiopulmonary Bypass by Suppressing NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation in Rats.
Inflammation. 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24. PMID: 30680695
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can induce inflammatory lung injury, which is a common complication during cardiac surgery. Nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-induced inflammation plays a crucial role in lung injury after CPB. Previous studies have shown that electroacupuncture (EA) has potential anti-inflammatory activity. However, the role of EA in CPB is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine whether EA was associated with CPB-induced inflammatory lung injury. In the present study, rats were treated with EA for 5 days before CPB. Two hours after CPB, the lung tissue, serum, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were prepared for assessment. Our results showed that the expression of NLRP3 in the lung tissue increased significantly after CPB. The EA pretreatment suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome activation, reduced lung edema, and inhibited IL-1β release into the serum and BALF after CPB. Our findings suggest that EA pretreatment attenuates inflammatory lung injury after CPB by suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activation.