Ellagic acid: an unusually versatile protector against oxidative stress. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ellagic acid: an unusually versatile protector against oxidative stress.
Chem Res Toxicol. 2014 May 19 ;27(5):904-18. Epub 2014 Apr 14. PMID: 24697747
Several aspects related to the antioxidant activity of ellagic acid were investigated using the density functional theory. It was found that this compound is unusually versatile for protecting against the toxic effects caused by oxidative stress. Ellagic acid, in aqueous solution at physiological pH, is able of deactivating a wide variety of free radicals, which is a desirable capability since in biological systems, these species are diverse. Under such conditions, the ellagic acid anion is proposed as the key species for its protective effects. It is predicted to be efficiently and continuously regenerated after scavenging two free radicals per cycle. This is an advantageous and unusual behavior that contributes to increase its antioxidant activity at low concentrations. In addition, the ellagic acid metabolites are also capable of efficiently scavenging a wide variety of free radicals. Accordingly, it is proposed that the ellagic acid efficiency for that purpose is not reduced after being metabolized. On the contrary, it provides continuous protection against oxidative stress through a free radical scavenging cascade. This is an uncommon and beneficial behavior, which makes ellagic acid particularly valuable to that purpose. After deprotonation, ellagic acid is also capable of chelating copper, in a concentration dependent way, decreasing the free radical production. In summary, ellagic acid is proposed to be an efficient multiple-function protector against oxidative stress.