Emodin may protect against severe acute pancreatitis associated acute lung injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Emodin alleviates severe acute pancreatitis-associated acute lung injury by decreasing pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor expression and promoting polymorphonuclear neutrophil apoptosis.
Mol Med Rep. 2017 Oct ;16(4):5121-5128. Epub 2017 Aug 16. PMID: 28849044
The present study aimed to evaluate the protective effects of emodin on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)‑associated acute lung injury (ALI), and investigated the possible mechanism involved. SAP was induced in Sprague‑Dawley rats by retrograde infusion of 5% sodium taurocholate (1 ml/kg), after which, rats were divided into various groups and were administered emodin, FK866 [a competitive inhibitor of pre‑B‑cell colony‑enhancing factor (PBEF)] or dexamethasone (DEX). DEX was used as a positive control. Subsequently, PBEF expression was detected in polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) isolated from rat peripheral blood by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. In addition, histological alterations, apoptosis in lung/pancreatic tissues, apoptosis of peripheral blood PMNs and alterations in the expression of apoptosis‑associated proteins were examined by hematoxylin and eosin staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl‑transferase‑mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay, Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) assay and western blotting, respectively. Serum amylase activity and wet/dry (W/D) weight ratios were also measured. An in vitro study was also conducted, in which PMNs were obtained from normal Sprague‑Dawley rats and were incubatedwith emodin, FK866 or DEX in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Apoptosis of PMNs and the expression levels of apoptosis‑associated proteins were examined in cultured PMNs in vitro by Annexin V/PI assay and western blotting, respectively. The results demonstrated that emodin, FK866 and DEX significantly downregulated PBEF expression in peripheral blood PMNs. In addition, emodin, FK866 and DEX reduced serum amylase activity, decreased lung and pancreas W/D weight ratios, alleviated lung and pancreatic injuries, and promoted PMN apoptosis by regulating the expression of apoptosis‑associated proteins: Fas, Fas ligand, B‑cell lymphoma (Bcl)‑2‑associated X protein, cleaved caspase‑3 and Bcl‑extra‑large. In addition, the in vitro study demonstrated that emodin, FK866 and DEX significantly reversed the LPS‑induced decrease of apoptosis in PMNs by regulating the expression of apoptosis‑associated proteins. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that emodin may protect against SAP‑associated ALI by decreasing PBEF expression, and promoting PMN apoptosis via the mitochondrial and death receptor apoptotic pathways.