Energy Drinks: A Reversible Risk Factor for Atrophic Gastritis and Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia.
Cureus. 2020 Dec 26 ;12(12):e12298. Epub 2020 Dec 26. PMID: 33520500
Energy drinks (ED) are becoming increasingly popular, but little has been reported about their stomach effects. To our knowledge, there is no literature suggesting an association with the development of atrophic gastritis (AG) or gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM). AG and GIM have been associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. Reversal of these lesions has shown to reduce the incidence of gastric cancer but has only been studied to eradicate Helicobacter pylori. This case describes a female who consumed high amounts of ED and was subsequently diagnosed with AG and GIM. Interestingly, the pathologies resolved upon cessation of ED.