Enhanced anti-metastatic and anti-tumorigenic efficacy of Berbamine loaded lipid nanoparticles in vivo.
Sci Rep. 2017 Jul 19 ;7(1):5806. Epub 2017 Jul 19. PMID: 28724926
Research on metastasis is gaining momentum for effective cancer management. Berbamine (BBM) has the potency to act as a therapeutic in multiple cancers and cancer metastasis. However, the major limitation of the compound includes poor bioavailability at the tumor site due to short plasma half-life. Here, our major objective involved development of lipid based nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with BBM with an aim to circumvent the above problem. Moreover its, therapeutic potentiality was evaluated through various in vitro cellular studies and in vivo melanoma primary and experimental lung metastatic tumor model in C57BL/6 mice. Results of different cellular experiments demonstrated enhanced therapeutic efficacy of BBM-NPs in inhibiting metastasis, cell proliferation and growth as compared to native BBM in highly metastatic cancer cell lines. Further, in vivo results demonstrated suppression of primary B16F10 melanoma tumor growth in C57BL/6 mice model treated with BBM-NPs than that of native BBM. Importantly, a moderately cytotoxic dose of BBM-NPs was able to significantly suppress the incidence of B16F10 cells lung metastasis in vivo. Results indicated development of an effective approach for aggressive metastatic cancer.