Enhanced anticancer effect of adding magnesium to vitamin C therapy. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Enhanced Anticancer Effect of Adding Magnesium to Vitamin C Therapy: Inhibition of Hormetic Response by SVCT-2 Activation.
Transl Oncol. 2019 Dec 31 ;13(2):401-409. Epub 2019 Dec 31. PMID: 31901552
l-Ascorbic acid (vitamin C, AA) is known as an antioxidant, but at high concentrations, AA can kill cancer cells through a prooxidant property. Sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter family-2 (SVCT-2) determines the cellular uptake of AA, and the activity of SVCT-2 is directly related to the anticancer activity of AA. Cancer cells that showed high SVCT-2 expression levels were more sensitive to AA treatment than cancer cells with low SVCT-2 expression levels. Cells with low SVCT-2 expression showed a hormetic response to a low dose of AA. Magnesium ions, which are known to activate SVCT-2, could increase the Vvalue of SVCT-2, so we investigated whether providing magnesium supplements to cancer cells with low SVCT-2 expression that had shown a hormetic response to AA would elevate the Vvalue of SVCT-2, allowing more AA to accumulate. To evaluate the effects of magnesium on cancer cells, MgSOand MgClwere screened as magnesium supplements; both forms showed synergistic anticancer effects with AA. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that magnesium supplementation enhanced the anticancer effect of AA by inhibiting the hormetic response at a low dose. This study has also demonstrated that AA treatment with magnesium supplementation provided more effective anticancer therapy than AA treatment alone.