Evaluation of epigallocatechin gallate and epicatechin gallate effects on acrylamide-induced neurotoxicity in rats and cytotoxicity in PC 12 cells.
Drug Chem Toxicol. 2017 Oct 26:1-8. Epub 2017 Oct 26. PMID: 29072525
The neurotoxicity of acrylamide (ACR) monomer occurs through different mechanisms such as oxidative stress. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and epicatechin gallate (ECG) are green tea catechins which are known as powerful antioxidants. In this study, we examined the possible protective effects of ECG and EGCG on ACR neurotoxicity in both in-vitro and in-vivo models. PC12 cells were exposed to different concentrations of ECG and EGCG. After 24 and 48 hours, ACR was added to the cells (IC50 = 4.85 mM) and cell viability was measured through MTT assay after 24 hours. Male Wistar rats were pretreated with ECG, EGCG (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg, i.p) and vitamin E (200 IU/kg i.p.) for 3 days. Afterwards they were treated with ACR (50 mg/kg, i.p.) for 11 days. After the treatment period, gait score examination was performed and molondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were measured in cerebral cortex. ACR reduced the cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner. Both ECG and EGCG (20 μM) showed inhibitory effects on ACR cytotoxicity. ACR significantly induced gait abnormalities, decreased GSH level and increased lipid peroxidation in cerebral cortex. ECG and EGCG (20 mg/kg) improved all ACR toxic effects. Although the food intake was increased in pretreated groups compared to the ACR-treated group, intensive weight loss was observed due to the green tea's different weight loss mechanisms. ECG and EGCG inhibited the cytotoxicity of ACR in PC12 cells and increased GSH level and decreased lipid peroxidation in rat cerebral cortex.