Epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the type III secretion system of gram negative enteropathogenic bacteria under model condition.
FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2017 Jun 23. Epub 2017 Jun 23. PMID: 28651361
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol in green tea, inhibits the type III secretion system (T3SS) of enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EPEC and EHEC, respectively), Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. The inhibitory effect causes the inhibition of hemolysis, cell invasion, cell adhesion, and apoptosis, which are functions of the type III secretion device. In the case of EPEC, EspB accumulates in the cells. RT-PCR showed that the translation of EspB was not blocked. The transcription of escN, which supplies energy for the injection of the effector factor into the host cells, was also not inhibited. EGCG does not suppress the transcription and translation of T3SS constitutive protein in bacterial cells, but it seems to suppress the normal construction or secretion of T3SS. When LB medium was used to visualize the EGCG-induced inhibition of T3SS, the inhibitory effect disappeared. The inhibition of T3SS was partially canceled when the T3SS inhibitory potency of EGCG was examined by adding yeast extract, which is a component of LB medium, to DMEM. These results suggest that EGCG probably inhibits secretion by suppressing some metabolic mechanisms of T3SS.