Eriocitrin Improves Adiposity and Related Metabolic Disorders in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice.
J Med Food. 2020 Mar ;23(3):233-241. PMID: 32191577
Eriocitrin (EC) is an abundant flavonoid in lemons, which is known as a strong antioxidant agent. This study investigated the biological and molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-obesity effect of EC in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed obese mice. C57BL/6N mice were fed an HFD (40 kcal% fat) with or without 0.005% (w/w) EC for 16 weeks. Dietary EC improved adiposity by increasing adipocyte fatty acid (FA) oxidation, energy expenditure, and mRNA expression of thermogenesis-related genes in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and skeletal muscle, whereas it also decreased lipogenesis-related gene expression in white adipose tissue. In addition to adiposity, EC prevented hepatic steatosis by diminishing lipogenesis while enhancing FA oxidation in the liver and fecal lipid excretion, which was linked to attenuation of hyperlipidemia. Moreover, EC improved insulin sensitivity by decreasing hepatic gluconeogenesis and proinflammatory responses. These findings indicate that EC may protect against diet-induced adiposity and related metabolic disorders by controlling thermogenesis of BAT and skeletal muscle, FA oxidation, lipogenesis, fecal lipid excretion, glucose utilization, and gluconeogenesis.