Eriodictyol may be a potential therapeutic resource for atopic dermatitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effect of eriodictyol on the development of atopic dermatitis-like lesions in ICR mice.
Biol Pharm Bull. 2013 ;36(8):1375-9. PMID: 23902981
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, allergic, and inflammatory skin disease associated with eczema and dermatitis symptoms. Our previous studies have reported that eriodictyol extract inhibits immunoglobulin E (IgE)/Ag-induced type I hypersensitivity by suppressing the activation of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-4 (IL-4), and the expression of ceramide kinase. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of eriodictyol on 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD-like skin lesions in ICR mice. Treatment with 2 mg/mL eriodictyol for DNCB-induced AD-like skin lesions in ICR mice improved scratching behavior and skin severity score. Histological analysis demonstrated that thickening of the skin lesions were significantly reduced in the eriodictyol-treated group. Also, eriodictyol suppressed the DNCB-mediated elevation of IgE serum levels. These results suggest that eriodictyol may be a potential therapeutic resource for AD and an adjunctive agent to control itchiness in AD.