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Abstract Title:

Evidence of hypoglycemic, lipid-lowering and hepatoprotective effects of the Bixin and Bixin:β-CD inclusion compound in high-fat-fed obese mice.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Oct ;106:363-372. Epub 2018 Jul 11. PMID: 29966982

Abstract Author(s):

Ana Delia Pinzón-García, Laura Alejandra Ariza Orellano, Marcela Guimarães Takahashi de Lazari, Paula Peixoto Campos, Maria Esperanza Cortes, Ruben Dario Sinisterra

Article Affiliation:

Ana Delia Pinzón-García

Abstract:

Associations between obesity, diabetes type II, and steatosis have long been recognized. However, a pharmacotherapy that acts in a multifactorial manner controlling the interactions between these conditions is not available. A variety of natural plants, functional fatty acids, and other natural dietary compounds have been used in various anti-obesity products. We investigated the effects of oral administration of an antioxidant carotenoid pigment Bixin and Bixin:β-Cyclodextrin in an obese murine model. C57BL/6 male mice (4-5 weeks) received standard diet (2.18 kcal per 1 g) (CT) and high-fat diet (4.38 kcal per 1 g) (CT/OB, BIX and BIX/βCD) (n = 10 per group). After 16 weeks, the BIX and BIX/βCD were treated by gavage (100 μL day-1) for six weeks, with water (CT and CT/OB groups) and (50 mg kg-1 day-1), Bixin (BIX group) or Bix: β-CD (BIX/βCD). Body weight, Lee's Index, adiposity, CHT, TG, CHT/HDL-c, glucose levels (metabolic markers) and, liver markers (AST and ALT) were determined. All metabolic and liver parameters exhibiteddown-regulation after oral administration of BIX and BIX/βCD. Particularly relevant was Lee's Index and adiposity in BIX- and BIX/βCD-treated groups (339.18 g/cm -BIX and 327.58 g/cm -BIX/βCD vs. 360.68 g/cm -CT/OB animals), this finds associated with the insulin sensitivity test, showed aclear association between reduction of adipose tissue and decrease of peripherical insulin resistant. In conclusion, our study suggested that the oral administration of the Bixin and Bix: β-CD inclusion compound improved the metabolic parameters evaluate in obese mice, being more palatable and hepatoprotective.

Study Type : Animal Study

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