The role of exercise in mitigating subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment.
J Neurochem. 2017 Aug 21. Epub 2017 Aug 21. PMID: 28833160
Subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment (SIVCI) is the most preventable form of cognitive dysfunction. There is converging evidence from animal and human studies that indicate vascular injury as the primary cause of SIVCI. Currently, there are no curative pharmaceutical treatments for vascular dementia; however, exercise may be a promising strategy to combat SIVCI. This review will focus on the role of exercise as a strategy to prevent or slow the progression of SIVCI, with particular emphasis on the mechanisms by which exercise may improve cerebrovascular function. We propose that exercise may be an effective strategy to combat SIVCI by improving cognitive function, increasing the bioavailability of neurotrophins, stimulating endothelial function, and controlling vascular risk factors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.