Exposure to ambient air pollution and autoantibody status in rheumatoid arthritis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Exposure to ambient air pollution and autoantibody status in rheumatoid arthritis.
Clin Rheumatol. 2019 Nov 15. Epub 2019 Nov 15. PMID: 31729679
Asha M Alex
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between air pollutant (AP) exposure and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) autoantibody status METHODS: We performed a cross sectional study utilizing enrollment data from participants in the Veterans Affairs rheumatoid arthritis registry. HLA-DRB1 shared epitope (SE), smoking, rheumatoid factor (RF), and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) status were collected. Mean exposure levels were obtained for AP (NO, SO, particulate matter [PM, PM], and ozone) from air quality monitoring stations at patients' residential zip codes in the year prior to enrollment. Multivariable logistic and ordinary least squares regression models were used to determine independent associations of AP with RA seropositivity and autoantibody concentration.
RESULTS: The cohort included 557 veterans (90% male, 76% Caucasian), with mean age of 70 years and mean disease duration of 13 years. The majority were HLA-DRB1 SE, RF, and ACPA positive (73%, 79%, and 76%, respectively). In univariate models, PMexposure was associated with higher ACPA concentration (p = 0.009). Similarly, in multivariable regression models, PMexposure was independently associated with higher ACPA concentration (p = 0.037). Current smoking independently predicted RF and ACPA positivity and titers, while HLA-DRB1 SE alleles were associated with RF positivity and ACPA positivity and titers.
CONCLUSIONS: In an elderly cohort of RA patients, fine particulate matter (PM) exposure independently predicted higher ACPA concentration. Further study of fine particulate matter in the pathogenesis of RA is warranted. Key Points• A study that integrates both genetic and environmental exposure data, relative to RA autoantibody status. • Of different air pollutants measures, exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) appears to be most closely linked to ACPA titers.