Extracellular vesicles in Epstein-barr virus pathogenesis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Extracellular Vesicles in Epstein-Barr Virus Pathogenesis.
Curr Clin Microbiol Rep. 2019 Sep ;6(3):121-131. Epub 2019 Jul 3. PMID: 32051811
Allaura S Cone
Purpose of review: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a known determinant for numerous malignancies and may contribute to autoimmune diseases. The underlining mechanisms behind EBV pathologies is not completely understood. Recently, extracellular vesicles (EVs) released from infected cells have been found to produce profound effects on cellular microenvironments. Therefore, in this review we sought to critically evaluate the roles of EVs in EBV pathogenesis and assess their potential therapeutic and diagnostic utility.
Recent findings: EBV-altered EVs are capable of activating signaling cascades and phenotypic changes in recipient cells through the transfer of viral proteins and RNAs. Moreover, several EV-associated microRNAs have encouraging prognostic or diagnostic potential in EBV-associated cancers.
Summary: Current evidence suggests that EBV-modified EVs affect viral pathogenesis and cancer progression. However, further research is needed to investigate the direct role of both viral and host products on recipient cells and the mechanisms driving viral protein and RNA EV packaging and content modification.