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Abstract Title:

Feeding Vitamin C during Neonatal and Juvenile Growth Improves Learning and Memory of Rats.

Abstract Source:

J Diet Suppl. 2017 Nov 27:1-13. Epub 2017 Nov 27. PMID: 29172882

Abstract Author(s):

Mahmoud Hosseini, Farimah Beheshti, Farzaneh Sohrabi, Farzaneh Vafaee, Mohammad Naser Shafei, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia

Article Affiliation:

Mahmoud Hosseini

Abstract:

We investigated the effects of feeding vitamin C (Vit C) during neonatal and juvenile growth on learning and memory of rats. Rats after delivery were randomly divided into four groups and treated. Group 1, control group, received normal drinking water. Groups 2-4 received Vit C 10, 100, and 500 mg/kg, respectively, from the first day. After 8 weeks, 10 male offspring of each group were randomly selected and tested in the Morris water maze (MWM) and passive avoidance (PA) tests. Finally, the brains were removed for biochemical measurement. In MWM, 10-500 mg/kg Vit C reduced the latencyand traveled distance and increased time spent in the target quadrant. In PA, 10 and 100 mg/kg of Vit C increased the latency; 10-500 mg/kg of Vit C decreased the malondialdehyde (MDA) in the brain tissues and increased thiol and catalase (CAT) activity compared to the control group. We showed that feeding rats Vit C during neonatal and juvenile growth has positive effects on learning and memory.

Study Type : Animal Study

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