Identification of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors from a new fermented tea obtained by tea-rolling processing of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) and green tea leaves.
Toxicon. 2010 Dec 21. Epub 2010 Dec 21. PMID: 20549810
Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate School of Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Fukuoka, Japan.
BACKGROUND: A new fermented tea produced by tea-rolling processing of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) leaf with green tea leaf (denoted as LG tea) showed a potent antihyperglycaemic effect in maltose-loaded rats. The aim of this study, therefore, was to identify alpha-glucosidase inhibitors in the antihyperglycaemic tea product.
RESULTS: LG tea had a threefold higher maltase-inhibitory activity (IC(50) 0.065 mg dried extract mL(-1)) than either the constituent loquat leaf or green tea alone. In addition, LG tea favourably inhibited maltase action rather than sucrase action. As a result of bio-guided high-performance liquid chromatography separations of LG tea, theasinensin A, theasinensin B, strictinin and 1,6-digalloylglucose were newly identified as maltase inhibitors with IC(50) values of 142, 225, 398 and 337 micromol L(-1) respectively, along with previously identified catechins and theaflavins.
CONCLUSION: Judging from the magnitude of the alpha-glucosidase-inhibitory contribution of each isolated compound to the overall inhibition of LG tea, catechins were the main candidates responsible for alpha-glucosidase or maltase inhibition in LG tea, followed by theaflavins, theasinensins, strictinin and 1,6-digalloylglucose.