Dietary Inflammatory Index and Epithelial Ovarian Cancer in Southern Chinese Women: A Case-Control Study.
Cancer Control. 2020 Jan-Dec;27(1):1073274820977203. PMID: 33269602
The association between inflammatory properties of diet and ovarian cancer risk has been investigated in some Western populations. However, little evidence is available from Asian women whose ovarian cancer incidence rates are low and dietary and lifestyle patterns are very different from their Western counterparts. We aimed to examine whether more pro-inflammatory diets, as indicated by higher dietary inflammatory index (DII®) scores, are associated with increased odds of epithelial ovarian cancer in southern China. A case-control study was conducted during 2006-2008 in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province. Energy-adjusted DII (E-DII) scores were calculated based on dietary intake assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire administered to 500 incident epithelial ovarian cancer patients and 500 hospital-based controls. Logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between E-DII scores and odds of ovarian cancer. Positive associations were observed between higher E-DII scores and ovarian cancer odds, using both continuous DII scores (odds ratio (OR) 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.65, 2.13) and by DII tertiles (OR7.04, 95% CI: 4.70, 10.54,for trend<0.001). Likewise, a more pro-inflammatory diet was associated with a higher chance of serous and mucinous ovarian tumors. Our results suggest that a pro-inflammatory diet was associated with increased odds of developing epithelial ovarian cancer in southern Chinese women. The findings add to epidemiological evidence for the role of dietary inflammatory potential in ovarian cancer development.