This is the first study identifying anti-inflammatory compounds in Actinidia arguta leaves. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Metabolomic Screening of Anti-Inflammatory Compounds from the Leaves of(Hardy Kiwi).
Foods. 2019 Feb 1 ;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 1. PMID: 30717099
The metabolomic screening of potential anti-inflammatory compounds in the leaves ofwas performed by using LC-MS/MS. Ethanol extracts were prepared, and the anti-inflammatory effects were investigated based on nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages. The 75% ethanol extract showed the highest inhibitory effect on nitric oxide (NO) production, and it was further separated by in vitro bioassay-guided fractionation using preparative LC with reversed-phase column separation. Through multiple steps of fractionation, sub-fraction 1-3 was finally purified, and caffeic acid derivatives, such as caffeoylthreonic acid and danshensu (salvianic acid A), were successfully identified as key anti-inflammatory compounds by LC-MS/MS and metabolomics analyses. This is the first study identifying anti-inflammatory compounds in() leaves through bioassay-guided fractionation and metabolomics screening. Results of this study would be useful for the application ofleaves as a nutraceutical.