n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Fisetin decreases TET1 activity and CCNY/CDK16 promoter 5hmC levels to inhibit the proliferation and invasion of renal cancer stem cell.

Abstract Source:

J Cell Mol Med. 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8. PMID: 30411496

Abstract Author(s):

Yibing Si, Junfeng Liu, Hongliang Shen, Chen Zhang, Yuanhao Wu, Yongyi Huang, Zhangbin Gong, Jun Xue, Te Liu

Article Affiliation:

Yibing Si

Abstract:

As a natural flavonol, fisetin has significant inhibitory effects on many cancers. Although fisetin can inhibit kidney cancer, its effects on kidney renal stem cells (HuRCSCs) remain unknown. Our study found that renal cancer tissues and CD44+/CD105+ HuRCSCs both show high TET1 protein expression. Both in vivo and in vitro experiments showed that fisetin can effectively inhibit HuRCSC cell division and proliferation, invasion, in vivo tumourigenesis and angiogenesis. Our findings showed that fisetin can significantly decrease TET1 expression levels in HuRCSCs and overall 5hmC levels in the genomes of these cells. At the same time, ChIP-PCR results showed that fisetin can effectively inhibit 5hmC modification levels at the CpG islands in cyclin Y (CCNY) and CDK16 and reduce their transcription and activity. Thus, we conclude that fisetin inhibits the epigenetic mechanism in renal cancer stemcells, that is, fisetin inhibits TET1 expression and reduces 5hmC modification in specific loci in the promoters of CCNY/CDK16 in HuRSCs. This in turn inhibits transcription of these genes, causing cell cycle arrest and ultimately inhibiting renal cancer stem cell activity.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.