n/a

Abstract Title:

Fisetin protects against high fat diet-induced nephropathy by inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress via the blockage of iRhom2/NF-κB signaling.

Abstract Source:

Int Immunopharmacol. 2021 Jan 8 ;92:107353. Epub 2021 Jan 8. PMID: 33429334

Abstract Author(s):

Ge Chenxu, Dai Xianling, Kuang Qin, Hu Linfeng, Sun Yan, Xiong Mingxin, Tan Jun, Xu Minxuan

Article Affiliation:

Ge Chenxu

Abstract:

Promoted inflammation enhances the development of nephropathy in obesity. Fisetin (3,3',4',7-tetrahydroxyflavone, FIS) is a naturally occurring dietary flavonoid, and exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. Inactive rhomboid protein 2 (iRhom2), an inactive member of the rhomboid intramembrane proteinase family, is an essential inflammation-associated regulator. Here, we attempted to investigate the protective mechanisms of FIS against high fat diet (HFD)-induced nephropathy, with particular focus on iRhom2. We found that HFD induced systematic and renal pro-inflammatory cytokine production. Furthermore, iRhom2 expression was markedly elevated in kidney of HFD-fed mice, and in PAL-incubated macrophages, accompanied with high phosphorylation of NF-κB. Significant oxidative stress was observed in kidney of HFD-fed mice through suppressing Nrf-2/HO-1 signaling. Moreover, activation of iRhom2/NF-κB signaling and oxidative stress by PAL was detected in macrophages, which were effectively reversed by FIS. Importantly, we showed that iRhom2 knockdown significantly abrogated the ability of FIS to restrain inflammation and oxidative stress induced by PAL in macrophages, indicating that iRhom2 might be a potential therapeutic target for FIS during nephropathy treatment. Together, these results revealed that FIS could mitigate HFD-induced renalinjury by regulating iRhom2/NF-κB and Nrf-2/HO-1 signaling pathways.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.